Robotics is a field of engineering that includes the essential components for the design of devices that perform operations automatically and respond to their sensing devices. Robotics includes a number of industries such as mechanical engineering, electronics, software and control, optics and more. A mechanical robot knows how to perform a per-programmed operation, to sense its environment and to respond to the changes that occur in it. Various sensors allow robots to monitor the environment in which they operate, such as proximity sensors, light sensors, sound sensors, temperature sensors and more. Engines fixed in the mechanical frame allow movement of different arms and other moving parts. There are motorized and mobile robots, stationary robotic arms that perform routine operations and those that combine both. At the base of the robot there is an electronic control system that is per-programmed to operate the robot according to the information obtained by the sensors and according to its designated functions.
Laser cutting of Robotic parts
Laser cutting technology can be used when developing robotic assemblies. Many components in the robot including its outer shell can be laser cut and therefore can be custom made to pursue the robot goals . The common materials for this purpose are mostly lightweight and have high strength to weight ratio so it can provide good protection and mechanical strength to the robot parts.
Here are some of the materials and capabilities of laser cutting technology used in the field of robotics:
- Laser Cutting of polymers - With laser cutting we are able to cut acrylic plates, Plexiglas, Delrin, ABS, polypropylene and other polymers accurately and with a clean finish. These parts can be used as arms, gears, covers that form the robot shell and protect internal parts, protect wiring and also prevents the access to hazardous areas in the robot structure.
- Laser cutting of Silicone - Silicone is a material with high elasticity and high friction coefficient. Used as a good grip for products at the edges of grippers and grip arms. Silicone can be cut in various thicknesses, in any form and with great accuracy. You can also engrave silicone sheets in order to embed a grip texture or mark a logo, serial number or part name.
- Laser cutting of Metals - Metals such as steel and stainless steel are characterized by great strength, durability and good electrical conductivity, qualities that make them very suitable for the robotics industry. Laser cutting can be made in custom-made parts such as: arms, gears, protective covers, control panels and more. Stainless steel is more expensive than iron and is used when resistance to corrosion is needed.
- Laser cutting of Wood - a relatively inexpensive and powerful material that enables making basic and final models that are light and relatively cheap. We use Laser cutting to make wooden wheels, joint parts and washers. Wood can be painted and can be laser engraved as well.
- Laser cutting of Labels - Cutting colored labels and stickers printed in any form and in different sizes is also possible with this technology. Labels will be used for marking, branding, covering and more.
- Laser marking - laser marking on parts helps with sorting the parts and assembling the robot, locating part among similar parts, marking the date of production of the part and more. Engraving on the parts produces durable marking that does not fade or erode over time.
Laser technology is available to a large number of people already engaged in designing robotic systems at home using Arduino-based controllers. The convenience of sending cutting files and getting the parts back makes the process efficient and fast. The service is provided to companies engaged in the development of robotics and automation systems, through universities and colleges that study the field, and to individuals that are enjoying robotics as a hobby.
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